Proteomics analysis of Schwann cell-derived exosomes: a novel therapeutic strategy for central nervous system injury.


Department of Orthopedics, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, 300052, China. [Email]


Exosomes are nanometer-sized vesicles involved in intercellular communication, and they are released by various cell types. To learn about exosomes produced by Schwann cells (SCs) and to explore their potential function in repairing the central nervous system (CNS), we isolated exosomes from supernatants of SCs by ultracentrifugation, characterized them by electron microscopy and immunoblotting and determined their protein profile using proteomic analysis. The results demonstrated that Schwann cell-derived exosomes (SCDEs) were, on average, 106.5 nm in diameter, round, and had cup-like concavity and expressed exosome markers CD9 and Alix but not tumor susceptibility gene (TSG) 101. We identified a total of 433 proteins, among which 398 proteins overlapped with the ExoCarta database. According to their specific functions, we identified 12 proteins that are closely related to CNS repair and classified them by different potential mechanisms, such as axon regeneration and inflammation inhibition. Gene Oncology analysis indicated that SCDEs are mainly involved in signal transduction and cell communication. Biological pathway analysis showed that pathways are mostly involved in exosome biogenesis, formation, uptake and axon regeneration. Among the pathways, the neurotrophin, PI3K-Akt and cAMP signaling pathways played important roles in CNS repair. Our study isolated SCDEs, unveiled their contents, presented potential neurorestorative proteins and pathways and provided a rich proteomics data resource that will be valuable for future studies of the functions of individual proteins in neurodegenerative diseases.


Central nervous system,Exosomes,Proteomics,Schwann cell,