Purification, characterization and anticancer activities of exopolysaccharide produced by Rhodococcus erythropolis HX-2.

Affiliation

College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Organic Solar Cells and Photochemical Conversion, Tianjin Key Laboratory of Drug Targeting and Bioimaging, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin 300384, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

In the present study, an exopolysaccharide (EPS) producer Rhodococcus erythropolis HX-2 was isolated from Xinjiang oil field, China. The HX-2 EPS (name HPS) production reached 8.957 g/L by RSM in MSM medium. The HPS was purified by ethanol precipitation and fractionation by DEAE-Cellulose and Sepharose column, the yield of HPS was 3.736 g/L. HPS composed by glucose, galactose, fucose, mannose and glucuronic acid. FT-IR spectroscopy indicated the presence of a large amount of hydroxyl groups. NMR spectroscopy indicated the existence of both α and β-configuration for sugar moieties present in HPS. The degradation temperature (255.4 °C) of the HPS was determined by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). A reticular structure of HPS was observed by SEM and the AFM analysis of the HPS revealed straight chains line. Meanwhile, the WSI and WHC of HPS were 92.15 ± 3.05% and 189.45 ± 5.65%, respectively. Finally, In vitro anticancer activity purified EPS was evaluated on L929 normal cells, A549 cancer cells, SMMC-7721 liver cancer cells and Hela cervical cancer cell. HPS inhibited the growth of cancer cells in a certain concentration without damage to normal cells. These characteristics indicate that its potential application value in food, industry and pharmaceutical application.

Keywords

Anticancer activities,Characterization,Exopolysaccharide,Rhodococcus sp.,

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