Quercetin Enhances the Function and Reduces Apoptosis of Mouse Islets.


Department of Surgery, Ulsan University College of Medicine, Gangneung Asan Hospital, Gangneung, South Korea. Electronic address: [Email]


BACKGROUND : Quercetin (QE) is an antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, flavonoid compound. It was shown that islets are susceptible to oxidative stress due to their inherent low antioxidant capacity. In the present study, we investigated whether treatment of mouse islets with QE could enhance their function before transplantation.
METHODS : Balb/c mouse islets were treated with various concentrations of QE and their viability, function, and nitric oxide (NO) and the expression of inducible NO synthase (iNOS) were determined before and after cytokine treatment. The expression of antioxidant genes was determined. Apoptosis and apoptosis-associated gene expression was measured using INS-1 cells with or without QE treatment before and after cytokine treatment.
RESULTS : The QE-treated islets and INS-1 cells showed higher cell function compared to untreated control. The expression of heme oxygenase-1, manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase, and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) were enhanced, and the expression of NO, iNOS, and Bcl-2-associated X protein were reduced before and after cytokine treatment.
CONCLUSIONS : Our results show that QE could enhance the viability and reduce apoptosis of mouse islets and improve their function before transplantation.