Radiation dose and image quality in intraoperative CT (iCT) angiography of the brain with stereotactic head frames.


Institute of Neuroradiology, University Hospital, LMU Munich, Marchioninistrasse 15, 81377, Munich, Germany. [Email]


OBJECTIVE : Intraoperative CT (iCT) angiography of the brain with stereotactic frames is an integral part of navigated neurosurgery. Validated data regarding radiation dose and image quality in these special examinations are not available. We therefore investigated two iCT protocols in this IRB-approved study.
METHODS : Retrospective analysis of patients, who received a cerebral stereotactic iCT angiography on a 128 slice CT scanner between February 2016 and December 2017. In group A, automated tube current modulation (ATCM; reference value 410 mAs) and automated tube voltage selection (reference value 120 kV) were enabled, and only examinations with a selected voltage of 120 kV were included. In group B, fixed parameters were applied (300 mAs, 120 kV). Radiation dose was measured by assessing the volumetric CT dose index (CTDIvol), dose length product (DLP) and effective dose (ED). Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and image noise were assessed for objective image quality, visibility of arteries and grey-white differentiation for subjective image quality.
RESULTS : Two hundred patients (n = 100 in each group) were included. In group A, median selected tube current was 643 mAs (group B, 300 mAs; p < 0.001). Median values of CTDIvol, DLP and ED were 91.54 mGy, 1561 mGy cm and 2.97 mSv in group A, and 43.15 mGy, 769 mGy cm and 1.46 mSv in group B (p < 0.001). Image quality did not significantly differ between groups (p > 0.05).
CONCLUSIONS : ATCM yielded disproportionally high radiation dose due to substantial tube current increase at the frame level, while image quality did not improve. Thus, ATCM should preferentially be disabled.
CONCLUSIONS : • Automated tube current modulation (ATCM) yields disproportionally high radiation dose in intraoperative CT angiography of the brain with stereotactic head frames. • ATCM does not improve overall image quality in these special examinations. • ATCM is not yet optimised for CT angiography of the brain with major extracorporeal foreign materials within the scan range.


Brain,Computed tomography angiography,Neuronavigation,Radiation dosage,