Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering, School of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Life Science, Wuhan University of Technology, 205 Luoshi Road, Wuhan 430073, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]
A series of (hetero)arylethenesulfonyl fluorides (1-58) were synthesized and screened for their in vitro antioxidant (DPPH, ABTS and DMPD methods) and anti-inflammatory activities. The results revealed that compounds 4, 15, 16, 24, 25, 26, 38, 39, 40, and 54 exhibited excellent antioxidant activity using all the three performed antioxidant methods, which were superior to the standard antioxidants ascorbic acid and gallic acid. Compounds 6-9, 11, 18, 19, 21, 22, 30, 39, 40, 44, 45, 48-50, 54, 55 and 57 displayed promising anti-inflammatory activity, which were better than the reference drug indomethacin. Preliminary structure-activity relationship (SAR) revealed that compounds containing electron donating (OH and OCH3) groups on the phenyl ring possessed excellent antioxidant properties while compounds containing electron-withdrawing (Cl, NO2, F and Br) groups on the phenyl ring were found to be most potent anti-inflammatory agents. The presence of SO2F group played a crucial role in increases both antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities.