Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, Fujian Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Fuzhou, 350013, China; Fujian Animal Diseases Control Technology Development Center, Fuzhou, 350013, China. Electronic address: [Email]
Muscovy duck-origin goose parvovirus (MDGPV) is a causative agent of MDGPV-associated Derzsy's disease. To evalute the role of the cis-acting element E-box (CACATG) deletion on MDGPV eplication, an infectious plasmid clone p-PTΔE287, having one E-box deletion at nucleotide (nt) 287 of the left inverted terminal repeat sequence (L-ITR), was constructed by overlap extension PCR deleting the 287CACATG292 motif from the plasmid pMDGPVPT containing the full-length genome of the virulent MDGPV strain PT. The p-PTΔE287 plasmid was transfected into 9-day-old non-immune Muscovy duck embryos via the yolk sac, resulting in successful rescue of the deletion mutant virus r-PTΔE287. Compared with its parental virus PT, the virulence and the replication ability of r-PTΔE287 were reduced. In addition, we examined the ability of r-PTΔE287 to manipulate cell cycle progression. The results showed that r-PTΔE287 replication results in G0/G1 phase accumulation of infected duck embryo liver mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and that this accumulation is caused by the prevention of cell cycle entry from G0/G1 phase into S phase. Taken together, introducing 287CACATG292 element deletion into MDGPV PT genomic DNA that induced rescued mutant virus (r-PTΔE287) cell cycle arrest function at the G0/G1 phase, which might inhibit MDGPV replication and virus progeny production. This study laid the foundation for further understanding of the relationship between E-box deletion in the L-ITR and MDGPV virulence.