Redox responsive xylan-SS-curcumin prodrug nanoparticles for dual drug delivery in cancer therapy.

Affiliation

Department of Polymer and Process Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Saharanpur Campus, Paper Mill Road, Saharanpur, 247001, Uttar Pradesh, India. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Chemotherapeutic agents with different anticancer mechanisms could enhance therapeutic effect in cancer therapy by their combined application. In this study, redox-sensitive prodrug nanoparticles based on Xyl-SS-Cur conjugate were developed for co-delivery of curcumin and 5-FU in cancer therapy. The Xyl-SS-Cur conjugate was synthesized via covalent conjugation of curcumin to xylan through a disulphide (-S-S-) linkage. The Xyl-SS-Cur conjugate could self-assemble in aqueous medium into nanoparticles and the lipophilic 5-fluorouracil-stearic acid (5-FUSA) prodrug was encapsulated into the hydrophobic core of Xyl-SS-Cur NPs through dialysis membrane method. The obtained Xyl-SS-Cur/5-FUSA NPs had an appropriate size (∼217 ± 2.52 nm), high drug loading of curcumin (∼ 31.4 wt%) and 5-FUSA (∼ 11.8 wt%) and high stability. The interaction of Xyl-SS-Cur/5-FUSA NPs with blood components was investigated by hemolysis study. The cytotoxicity study demonstrated that Xyl-SS-Cur/5-FUSA NPs induced higher cytotoxicity than free drugs against the Human colorectal cancer cells (HT-29, HCT-15). These results indicate that Xyl-SS-Cur/5-FUSA NPs can serve as a promising drug delivery system in cancer therapy.

Keywords

Cancer therapy,Prodrug,Redox responsive,Self-assembled nanoparticles,

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