Reduction of Warm Ischemia Using a Thermal Barrier Bag in Kidney Transplantation: Study in a Pig Model.


SCREEN Holdings Co. Ltd., Kyoto, Japan; Department of Organ Fabrication, Keio University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]


BACKGROUND : With recent advances in surgical technologies, minimally invasive endoscopic and robot-assisted surgical procedures have been introduced. However, prolonged warm ischemic time of the kidneys remains a concern after the organ is removed from a donor and during transplantation into a recipient. We developed a Thermal Barrier Bag (TBB) to prevent warm ischemia during transplantation. To confirm the effectiveness of the TBB, adenosine triphosphate (ATP) activity in the kidney was measured during an ex vivo warming test. An ischemia model porcine kidney was also used as the donor kidney and placed into the TBB; thereafter, the change in temperature at the time of transplantation was examined.
RESULTS : The purse-like design of the TBB efficiently suppressed heat conduction. A simulation was conducted that allowed the calculation of organ heat transfer condition. In the ex vivo experiment, temperature increases were suppressed in the group whose kidneys were placed in the TBB (30 minutes after transplantation: with TBB = 30°C, without TBB = 35°C). ATP measurements showed that the residual rate was substantially higher in the TBB group (P = .056). Moreover, a temperature suppression effect was demonstrated during the renal transplantation experiment (30 minutes after transplantation: with TBB = 27°C, without TBB = 31°C).
CONCLUSIONS : The ex vivo warming experiment demonstrated that use of TBB slows down the rate of ATP decay in fresh kidneys. In addition, when an ischemic model porcine kidney was placed into the TBB and the temperature change at the time of transplantation was measured, an in vivo temperature-suppressing effect was observed.

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