Regioselective DNA Modification and Directed Self-Assembly of Triangular Gold Nanoplates.


Bioengineering Laboratory, RIKEN Cluster for Pioneering Research, 2-1 Hirosawa, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan. [Email]


As a class of emerging nanoparticles, gold nanotriangles (AuNTs) are characterized by unique structural anisotropy and plasmonic properties. The organization of AuNTs into well-defined architecture potentially promises collective properties that are difficult to produce by individual AuNTs. To date, however, the orientation-controlled self-assembly of AuNTs has been achieved with limited success. Here, we describe an effective and straightforward approach to induce directed self-assembly of AuNTs. By taking advantage of the uneven chemical reactivity of AuNT surfaces, we implement regioselective modification of the edges and the top/bottom surfaces with two different double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) sequences. By means of terminal single base pairing/unpairing, controlled assembly of the dsDNA-modified AuNTs evolves in a face-to-face or edge-to-edge manner based on blunt-end stacking interaction on an intentional region of the AuNTs, along with entropic repulsion by unpaired terminal nucleobases on the other region. This approach could be useful for achieving directed self-assembly of other anisotropic nanoparticles.


DNA,gold,nanoplate,nanotriangle,regioselective modification,self-assembly,