Relationship between the radial dynamics and the chemical production of a harmonically driven spherical bubble.

Affiliation

Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Hydrodynamic Systems, P.O. Box 91, 1521 Budapest, Hungary. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The sonochemical activity and the radial dynamics of a harmonically excited spherical bubble are investigated numerically. A detailed model is employed capable to calculate the chemical production inside the bubble placed in water that is saturated with oxygen. Parameter studies are performed with the control parameters of the pressure amplitude, the forcing frequency and the bubble size. Three different definitions of collapse strengths (extracted from the radius vs.time curves) are examined and compared with the chemical output of various species. A mathematical formula is established to estimate the chemical output as a function of the collapse strength; thus, the chemical activity can be predicted without taking into account the chemical kinetics into the bubble model. The calculations are carried out by an in-house code exploiting the high processing power of professional graphics cards (GPUs). The results shown that chemical activity can be approximated qualitatively from the values of relative expansion. This could be helpful in order to optimise chemical output of sonochemical reactors either from measurement data or simulations as well.

Keywords

Bubble dynamics,Chemical production,Collapse strength,GPU programming,Sonochemistry,

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