Remediation performance and mechanism of hexavalent chromium in alkaline soil using multi-layer loaded nano-zero-valent iron.


Key Laboratory of Bio-Resource and Eco-Evironment of Ministry of Education, College of Life Sciences, Sichuan University, Chengdu, 610065, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]


Remediation of soil chromium (Cr) pollution is becoming more and more urgent. In this study, a multi-loaded nano-zero-valent iron (nZVI) material (CNH) was prepared by carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and humic acid (HA) as dispersant and support agent, respectively, and the remediation effect of CNH, HA and CN (CNH without HA) for Cr contaminated soil was investigated within 90 d cycle. After 7 d treatment of CNH, the HOAc-extractable Cr decreased significantly. After the 90 d remediation, the HOAc-extractable Cr decreased most in the treatment of 3% CNH, about 74.48% lower than control. All treatments eventually caused different decline of soil pH, with a range of 0.12-0.54, in which the CNH treatment group had the least depression. HA loading significantly weakened the toxicity of nZVI, resulting in the higher soil microbial quantity and enzyme activities compared with CN. Additionally, the improvement of soil microecology by CNH and HA was positively correlated with the ratio of application, while CN was negatively correlated (except FDA enzyme activity) with these indexes. These results emphasized the potential of the synthesized CNH as a promising material to remediate Cr contaminated soil. Furthermore, details of possible mechanistic insight into the Cr remediation were carefully discussed.


Contaminated soil,Humic acid,Microecology,Nano-zero-valent iron,Toxicity,