OBJECTIVE : To investigate efficiency and tolerance of transcutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (TNS) in the overactive bladder syndrome in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), and to identify predictive factors for compliance. METHODS : We conducted a retrospective monocentric study with a cohort of 17 patients with PD who have used TNS for an overactive bladder syndrome. The efficiency of the treatment was evaluated on the clinical improvement felt (rated out of ten). Patients were classified as « adopters » if they continued using TNS for at least one year after beginning the treatment or as « non adopters » if they stopped. Patients characteristics were evaluated for their predictive value for compliance with TNS. RESULTS : Out of 17 patients, there were 9 women and 8 men, median age 66 years (55-77), median history for Parkinson's disease 8 years (1-22) and for urinary symptoms 3 years (1-10). Subjective efficiency was seen in 10 patients (59%), on nocturia and/or urinary incontinence for 9 patients (mean efficiency 5.75/10 and median efficiency 6.5/10). Three patients found TNS not effective, and four patients didn't use it long enough to evaluate. Two patients had side effects and stopped the TNS (feeling of electricity and restless leg syndrome). 7 patients were classified as « adopters » and 10 patients as « non adopters » after one year. Most evaluated characteristics proved not to be of predictive value for compliance with TNS except nocturia and pollakiuria (P=0.03 and P=0.05). CONCLUSIONS : Our study seems to reveal TNS is particularly effective on nocturia and urge. Moreover, nocturia and pollakiuria appear to be predictive factors for SNT compliance. Nocturia could be a prominent symptom in SNT's prescription. But studies with more patients should be conducted for obtain better patient selection in TNS. METHODS : IV.