Role of intra-hippocampal dopamine receptors in the antinociceptive responses induced by chemical stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus in animal model of acute pain.

Affiliation

Neuroscience Research Center, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Dopamine is the predominant catecholamine neurotransmitter in the mammalian brain which has been shown to play a critical role in antinociceptive process. Previous studies have shown that the role of CA1 region of the hippocampus in antinociception induced by stimulation of the lateral hypothalamus (LH) through the dopaminergic system in tonic pain. In this study, we tried to assess the involvement of intra-hippocampal D1- and D2-like dopamine receptors in the LH stimulation-induced antinociception during the tail-flick test as an animal model of acute pain. Ninety-five male Wistar rats were unilaterally implanted with two separate cannulae into the LH and CA1. Animals received intra-CA1 infusion of SCH-23390 (0.25, 1 and 4 µg/rat), as a D1-like dopamine receptor antagonist and sulpiride (0.125, 0.25, 1 and 4 µg/rat), as a D2-like dopamine receptor antagonist, 2 min before intra-LH administration of carbachol (250 nM/rat). The antinociceptive effects of SCH-23390 and sulpiride were measured by using a tail-flick analgesiometer and represented as the maximal possible effect (%MPE). Also, the locomotion tracking apparatus was used to measure the locomotor activity of animals. Results showed that intra-CA1 administration of SCH-23390 or sulpiride could prevent the intra-LH carbachol-induced antinociception. This effect was a little more dominant after blocking the D2-like dopamine receptor in the CA1. These findings revealed that D1- and D2-like dopamine receptors within the CA1 play an important role in antinociceptive responses induced by chemical stimulation of the LH. It could be suggested that dopamine receptors in the CA1 were triggered by LH orexinergic projections.

Keywords

Acute pain,CA1 region of hippocampus,Dopamine receptor,Lateral hypothalamus,Rat,Tail-flick test,

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