Role of one-pass breast lesion excision system in complete excision of high-risk breast lesions with atypia expressed as clusters of microcalcifications.

Affiliation

Brighton and Sussex University NHS Hospitals, Brighton, UK. [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : To assess the role of the breast lesion excision system (BLES) in complete removal of clusters of microcalcifications found on mammogram proved histologically to be high-risk lesions with cell atypia.
METHODS : Three hundred ninety-four consecutive women (mean age 58.5 years, range 39-78 years) with 400 clusters of suspicious microcalcifications underwent stereotactic biopsy using the intact BLES device between January 2014 and January 2016. All cases proved histologically to be high-risk lesions were subsequently assessed for complete removal. The underestimation rate was also assessed.
RESULTS : Thirty-eight out of 400 (9.5%) lesions were high-risk lesions with atypia with mean size 7.63 mm (st. dev. = 4.03 mm) which was within the size that the BLES needle can excise (20 mm). Four (10.5%) papillomas with atypia, 14 (36.8%) cases with flat epithelial atypia (FEA), 10 (26.3%) cases with lobular intraepithelial neoplasia (LIN-LIN 1, LIN 2), 8 (21.2%) with atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH) and 2 (5.3%) cases with mucocele-like lesions (MLL) with atypia were found. Twenty-nine out of 38 lesions had subsequent surgery. Complete excision was achieved in 23/29 lesions (79.3%). No underestimation was found. Two-year mammographic stability was found in all lesions. Non-parametric statistical analysis showed no other significant predictive factor for complete excision apart from the distance of the lesions from the specimen margins (p = 0.031 Mann-Whitney test).
CONCLUSIONS : One-pass BLES intact biopsy technique is a safe method of complete removal of high-risk atypical lesions with high accuracy rates for certain histologies and could be potentially used as an alternative excision method to diagnostic surgery in selected cases.
CONCLUSIONS : • Breast lesion excision system (BLES) is an image-guided biopsy technique that uses radiofrequency to remove an intact piece of tissue including the target breast neoplasm. • Breast lesion excision system (BLES) under stereotactic guidance is able to accurately biopsy high-risk breast lesions expressed mammographically as clusters of suspicious microcalcifications. • BLES under stereotactic guidance is an accurate technique for en bloc excision of selected cases of small clusters of suspicious microcalcifications proved to be high-risk lesions with histopathologically disease-free margins of excision.

Keywords

Breast neoplasms,Image-guided biopsy,Margins of excision,

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