OBJECTIVE : To investigate the expression of C-JNK, RANKL and OPG after SP600125 administration in cultured dental follicle cells (DFCs). METHODS : TRAP staining and electron microscope were carried out on day 7 and 9 after coculture of BMMs and DFCs with a ratio of 5:1 in different groups. To determine the effects of SP600125 on the expression of C-JNK, RANKL and OPG mRNA and protein, cultured DFCs were divided into control group, DMSO group and SP600125 groups. Real-time PCR and Western blot analysis were performed to investigate the expression of the mRNA and protein, respectively. RESULTS : TRAP assay indicated that the number of multinucleated osteoclasts in the SP600125 group showed significant decrease compared with that of control (P < 0.05). The expression of JNK protein in the SP600125 groups showed significant decline compared with that of the control group and blank control (P < 0.05). Significant decrease was noticed in the RANKL protein expression with the elevation of SP600125. CONCLUSIONS : SP600125 could inhibit the formation of osteoclast in the coculture system of DFCs and BMMs. After SP600125 treatment, the expression of RANKL and JNK showed a trend of decrease, and the expression of OPG showed gradual increase followed by gradual decrease.