Safety and Flight Considerations for Mechanical Circulatory Support Devices During Air Medical Transport and Evacuation: A Systematic Narrative Review of the Literature.


Department of Internal Medicine, McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Electronic address: [Email]


The air medical transportation industry has seen a steady rise in the use of mechanical circulatory support devices (eg, intra-aortic balloon pumps, ventricular assist devices, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation) during transport missions, either for definitive management or repatriation. As these complex devices become more common, the industry will have to adapt to support their use in their clientele. The goal of this narrative review was to assess our current experiences regarding mechanical circulatory support devices in air medical transportation and to identify important factors to ensure successful transport.