Seizures from transcranial magnetic stimulation 2012-2016: Results of a survey of active laboratories and clinics.


Center for Bioethics, New York University, New York, NY 10003, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can cause seizures in healthy individuals and patients. However, the rate at which this occurs is unknown. We estimated the risk of seizure and other adverse events with TMS.


Risk,Seizure,Transcranial magnetic stimulation,