Serglycin (SRGN) is an intracellular proteoglycan produced and secreted by several cell types. The increased expression of SRGN was associated with greater aggressiveness in cancer and inflammation. In this study, we demonstrated that SRGN is increased in human chondrocytes after IL-β stimulation. Furthermore, we found that secreted SRGN was able to bind the CD44 receptor thus participating in the extension of the inflammatory response. Using SRGN knockdown cells we observed a significantly decrease in specific inflammatory markers and NF-kB activation. Similar results were observed by blocking the CD44 receptor. These data provide further evidences for a direct involvement of SRGN in the mechanisms regulating the non-infectious chondrocytes damage, and the consequent joint inflammation and cartilage destruction in arthritis.