Serum AGEs and sRAGE levels are not related to vascular complications in patients with prediabetes.

Affiliation

Clinic of Endocrinology, University Hospital "Alexandrovska", Medical University-Sofia, 1 Georgi Sofiiski str, 1431, Sofia, Bulgaria. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

BACKGROUND : While hyperglycemia has a key role in the pathogenesis of microvascular complications of diabetes, it is just one of the many factors contributing to macrovascular damage. The aim of the present study is to investigate the link between serum pentosidine and sRAGE levels and vascular complications in patients with prediabetes compared to normal glucose tolerance controls with obesity.
METHODS : In this study were included 76 patients with mean age 50.7 ± 10.7 years, divided into two age and BMI-matched groups - group 1 with obesity without glycemic disturbances (n = 38) and group 2 with obesity and prediabetes (n = 38).
RESULTS : There was no significant difference in pentosidine and sRAGE levels between patients with obesity and prediabetes. Patients with hypertension had lower levels of sRAGE compared to nonhypertensive subjects. sRAGE showed a weak negative correlation to blood glucose on 60th min of OGTT and HOMA index. There was no correlation between sRAGE and pentosidine levels and the markers of micro- and macrovascular complications. There was no difference in sRAGE and pentosidine levels between patients with and without endothelial dysfunction.
CONCLUSIONS : sRAGE and pentosidine levels are similar in patients with obesity with and without prediabetes and do not correlate to the markers of micro- and macrovascular complications.

Keywords

Pentosidine,Prediabetes,Vascular complications,sRAGE,