Simplex-Lattice Hydration Prediction and Microstructure Verification of Cementitious Systems.

Affiliation

Department of Civil Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh 800-11421, Saudi Arabia. [Email]

Abstract

In this investigation, the age-dependent hydration development of blended pastes containing Portland cement (PC), pulverized fuel ash (PFA) and silica fume (SF) was assessed by quantifying the amount of CH and non-evaporable water using thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA). Microstructure was investigated using scanning electron microscope (SEM). It was observed that the amount of liberated CH increases up to three-days in PC-PFA binary blended pastes, after which it progressively decreases and this reduction was proportional to the PFA dosage. The introduction of SF to PC-PFA binary mixtures to form ternary blended pastes has caused an early reduction of CH at one day where the majority of SF has been consumed during the first seven-days. The incorporation of 10% SF to PC-PFA pastes altered the low rate of hydration at early age. In addition, the presence of PFA showed insignificant influence on the non-evaporable water content until three-days then its effect became significant after seven-days. On the other hand, SF increased the non-evaporable water content from early ages up to seven-days. However, beyond 28 days, the presence of SF did not exhibit further pozzolanic activity. Furthermore, the ternary blended systems significantly increased the non-evaporable water content within three to seven days compared to the reference paste. Moreover, prediction nonlinear models of these hydration parameters were developed using the simplex-lattice design and validated against the experimental results. The latter have been further supported with SEM microstructural analysis showing good agreement between the predicted and realistic hydration.

Keywords

PFA,blended cement,hydration,silica fume,simplex-lattice design,thermo-gravimetric analysis,

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