Simultaneous colorimetric and surface-enhanced Raman scattering detection of melamine from milk.


College of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Environment Engineering, Liaoning Shihua University, Fushun, Liaoning 113001, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]


We present a dual-mode readout sensing mechanism that can effectively distinguish true and false-positive signals of melamine in milk by combining colorimetric analysis and surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectroscopy. The colorimetry analysis takes advantage of color change of plasmonic nanoparticles upon the presence of melamine. We discovered that Ag colloids with 20 nm diameter was suitable for both colorimetric and SERS methods. However, the colorimetric method may present false-positive signals with the presence of interfering compounds. SERS spectroscopy can overcome this limitation and directly obtain signature spectra from the same plasmonic NPs used for the colorimetric assay without any modification. Melamine/s-triazine can be reliably differentiated by probing the SERS spectra based on surface-selection rules. The limit of detection of sensing melamine from milk by this method could reached to 0.05 ppm. Therefore, the combination of colorimetric and SERS method not only allows for rapid preliminary screening of melamine by naked eyes, but also greatly reduces false-positive signals by surface selection rules in SERS.


Colorimetry,Melamine,Plasmonic NPs,SERS,

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