The effects of time, temperature, and salinity on the adsorption of Tonalide (AHTN), Musk Xylene (MX), Galaxolide (HHCB), and Musk Ketone (MK) by microplastics of polyethylene (PE) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC) are studied. Results indicate that the equilibrium sorption time was about 10 h and the adsorption kinetics model conformed to the first-order adsorption kinetic model and pseudo-second order kinetic model, this indicates that the main adsorption mechanism might be chemical adsorption and physical absorption. Adsorption reached a nadir at 15 °C and 14% salinity. The adsorption capacity gradually increases, and then decreases, finally increases with an increase in NaCl concentration. Due to the specific surface area and the pore volume of PVC was larger than PE, the adsorption capacity of PVC was higher than that of PE in the equal conditions.