Engineered skin coverings have been adopted clinically to support extensive and deep wounds that result in fewer healthy skin remaining and therefore take longer to heal. Nonetheless, these biomaterials demand intensive labor and an expensive final cost. In comparison to conventional bandages, which do not meet all the requirements of wound care, electrospun fiber mats could potentially provide an excellent environment for healing. In this work, we developed two nanostructured scaffolds based on polyamide-6 (PA-6) to be tested as a wound covering in a rat model of full-thickness incisional wound healing. The central idea was to create a bioconstruct that is simple to implement and biologically safe, with a high survival rate, which provides physical support and biological recognition for new functional tissues. An unmodified PA-6 and a soybean-modified PA-6 were employed as nanofibrillar matrices in this study. The biomaterials showed a dimensional homology to natural extracellular matrix components and neither in vitro toxicity nor in vivo side effects. Both polymeric scaffolds were resistant to the sterilization process and could promote the attachment of 3T3 fibroblast cells, besides successfully incorporating the growth factor PDGF-BB, which had its bioactivity extended for up to 12 h under simulated conditions. The modification of PA-6 chains with a fatty acid derivative increased the scaffold's surface free energy, favoring cell proliferation, collagen formation, and ECM secretion. These results confirm the potential of these materials as a topical dermal covering for skin regeneration.