Spectroscopic probing of the refolding of an unfolded protein through the formation of mixed-micelles.

Affiliation

Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Bhopal, Bhopal Bypass Road, Bhauri, Bhopal 426 066, Madhya Pradesh, India. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

We report the unfolding of the globular protein, Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) induced by anionic surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and subsequently monitored the refolding of this denatured BSA using triblock copolymers F127 and P123 through the formation of mixed micelles. Our study exclusively represents the reversibility of this unfolding-refolding process using pluronic triblock copolymers F127/P123 as refolding agents. We confirm the recovery of its native state from its denatured state estimating the α-helical structure of the denatured protein from the CD data which support our steady state fluorescence spectra monitoring the fluorescence of the intrinsic Trp molecules present in BSA. Time resolved study also corroborates the stepwise recovery of the denatured BSA as well as the reversibility of the processes. Isothermal Titration Calorimetry (ITC) data explain the negligible interactions between the triblock copolymers and the native state of BSA. The high binding constant of SDS and triblock copolymers probably play the crucial role in the stepwise recovery of the unfolded BSA followed by reversibility of the refolding processes through the formation of the mixed micelles. The mechanism of mixed-micelle formation has been substantiated by the fact that the Guanidine Hydrochloride denatured BSA does not react with F127/P123 whereby no recovery of the protein was observed.

Keywords

Block copolymer,Bovine serum albumin,Intrinsic fluorescence,Isothermal titration calorimetry,Reversibility,

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