Spread Through Air Spaces (STAS) Is Prognostic in Atypical Carcinoid, Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma, and Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung.


Department of Pathology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New York, New York. Electronic address: [Email]


Tumor spread through air spaces (STAS) has prognostic significance in lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. We sought to investigate the prognostic importance of STAS in lung neuroendocrine tumors (NETs).


Competing-risks analysis,Lung cancer–specific death,Lung neuroendocrine tumor,Recurrence,Spread through air spaces,