Standard of proof and intolerance of uncertainty in obsessive-compulsive disorder and social anxiety disorder.


Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA. Electronic address: [Email]


Researchers have identified intolerance of uncertainty (IU) as a dysfunctional thought that contributes to OCD. Case examples of OCD suggest that uncertainty and anxiety persist despite low likelihoods of feared outcomes. In this study we examined how people with OCD react to minimal amounts of uncertainty relative to non-anxious individuals and a clinical comparison group of people with social anxiety disorder (SAD).


Cognitive biases,Dysfunctional thinking,Intolerance of uncertainty,Obsessive-compulsive disorder,Social anxiety disorder,

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