Strategy to achieve a 5-log Salmonella inactivation in tender coconut water using high voltage atmospheric cold plasma (HVACP).


Department of Food Engineering and Technology, School of Engineering, Tezpur University, Assam, India. Electronic address: [Email]


This study examined high voltage atmospheric cold plasma (HVACP) technology as a non-thermal intervention for inactivating Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium LT2 (ST2) in tender coconut water (TCW). Treatment with HVACP in air at 90 kV for 120 s inactivated 1.30 log10 of ST2. Development of a TCW stimulant suggested an interfering role of magnesium and phosphate salts with HVACP inactivation. Generation of reactive gas species, viz. ozone and hydrogen peroxides were found to be responsible for microbial inactivation. The addition of 400 ppm citric acid to the TCW effectively reduced ST2 by 5 log10 during HVACP treatment. Under these conditions, higher cellular leakage and morphological damage were observed in ST2. Minimal physico-chemical changes in TCW were observed with HVACP treatment, except for an 84.35% ascorbic acid loss (added externally). These results demonstrate a potential pathway for developing highly effective cold plasma treatments to preserve fruit and vegetable juices.


Ascorbic acid,Citric acid,Coconut,Cold plasma,Electrical discharge,Minerals,Non-thermal,