Streptomyces monticola sp. nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from soil.


Key Laboratory of Agriculture Biological Functional Gene of Heilongjiang Provincial Education Committee, Northeast Agricultural University, No. 59 Mucai Street, Xiangfang District, Harbin, 150030, People's Republic of China. [Email]


A novel actinobacterium, designated strain NEAU-GS4T, was isolated from soil collected from Mount Song and characterised using a polyphasic approach. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity studies showed that strain NEAU-GS4T belongs to the genus Streptomyces, being closely related to Streptomyces spectabilis JCM 4308T (98.8%), Streptomyces sclerotialus DSM 43032T (98.3%) and Streptomyces lasiicapitis 3H-HV17(2)T (98.0%). A multilocus sequence analysis based on five house-keeping genes (atpD, gyrB, rpoB, recA and trpB) also indicated that strain NEAU-GS4T should be assigned to the genus Streptomyces. The major menaquinones were identified as MK-9(H6), MK-9(H8) and MK-9(H4). The polar lipid profile was found to contain diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanolamine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositolmannosides and an unidentified phospholipid. The major fatty acids were identified as anteiso-C15:0, iso-C16:0 and anteiso-C17:0. Moreover, DNA-DNA hybridization results and some phenotypic characteristics indicated that strain NEAU-GS4T can be clearly differentiated from its closely related species of the genus Streptomyces. Therefore, it is concluded that strain NEAU-GS4T represents a novel species of the genus of Streptomyces, for which the name Streptomyces monticola sp. nov. is proposed. The type stain is NEAU-GS4T (=CGMCC 4.7467T = DSM 105116T).


16S rRNA gene,Polyphasic taxonomy,Streptomyces monticola sp. nov.,