Department of Physiology and Pathophysiology, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Peking University, Key Laboratory of Molecular Cardiovascular Science, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100191, China; Key Laboratory Experimental Teratology of the Ministry of Education and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Shandong University School of Medicine, 44 Wenhua Xi Road, Jinan, Shandong 250012, China. Electronic address: [Email]
Arrestins, in addition to desensitizing GPCR-induced G protein activation, also mediate G protein-independent signaling by interacting with various signaling proteins. Among these, arrestins regulate MAPK signal transduction by scaffolding mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling components such as MAPKKK, MAPKK, and MAPK. In this study, we investigated the binding mode and interfaces between arrestin-3 and JNK3 using hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry, 19F-NMR, and tryptophan-induced Atto 655 fluorescence-quenching techniques. Results suggested that the β1 strand of arrestin-3 is the major and potentially only interaction site with JNK3. The results also suggested that C-lobe regions near the activation loop of JNK3 form the potential binding interface, which is variable depending on the ATP binding status. Because the β1 strand of arrestin-3 is buried by the C-terminal strand in its basal state, C-terminal truncation (i.e., pre-activation) of arrestin-3 facilitates the arrestin-3/JNK3 interaction.