Structural characterization and immunomodulatory activity of a novel acid polysaccharide isolated from the pulp of Rosa laevigata Michx fruit.


College of Food Science and Engineering, South China University of Technology, Wushan Road 381, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. Electronic address: [Email]


A novel acid polysaccharide (PPRLMF-2) with the Mw of 137,123 Da and a triple-helix conformation was first isolated from the pulp of Rosa laevigata Michx fruit. Structural characterization showed that PPRLMF-2 consisted of rhamnose (7.6%), arabinose (26.5%), xylose (3.5%), mannose (0.9%), glucose (5.7%), galactose (31.9%) and galacturonic acid (23.9%). The methylation and NMR (1D and 2D) analysis revealed that PPRLMF-2 contained 16 types of glycosidic linkages. The immunomodulatory activity assays indicated that PPRLMF-2 could significantly enhance phagocytosis, the secretion and mRNA expression of cytokines in RAW 264.7 cells. Additionally, SR, GR, TLR-2, and TLR-4 were the main pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) of PPRLMF-2 to upregulate the p-ERK, p-JNK, p-p38, and p-p65. These results suggested that PPRLMF-2 could recognize the PRRs of the macrophages to enhance the immunomodulatory activity via activation of the MAPKs and NF-κB signaling pathways. This study provides important implications of PPRLMF-2 as an attractive immunomodulatory functional food.


Immunomodulatory activity,Polysaccharide,RAW264.7 cells,Rosa laevigata Michx,Structural characterization,

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