Structure-based drug design of novel carborane-containing nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase inhibitors.

Affiliation

Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokyo University of Science, Noda, Chiba 278-8510, Japan; Department of Genomic Medicinal Science, Research Institute for Science and Technology, Organization for Research Advancement, Tokyo University of Science, Noda, Chiba 278-8510, Japan. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

A series of carborane-containing NAMPT inhibitors were designed and synthesized based on the structure of compounds 1 and the NAMPT inhibitory activity was evaluated using NAMPT Colorimetric Assay. Among the compounds synthesized, compounds 2b and 2c showed significant NAMPT inhibitory activity with IC50 values of 0.098 ± 0.008 and 0.057 ± 0.001 µM, respectively. Docking simulation of compound 2 toward NAMPT using the crystal structure of the FK866-NAMPT complex (PDB code: 2GVJ) with replacing the boron atom type by the C3 atom type of carboranes predicted that the NAMPT inhibitory activity of 2c was improved by the hydrogen bond formation between the carborane amide and H191 of NAMPT. Although dicarborane compounds 38, 50, 51, and 55 were synthesize aiming to two hydrophobic pockets present in the binding pocket of NAMPT, their inhibitory activity was moderate.

Keywords

Carborane,Docking simulation,Inhibitor,Nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase,Structure-based drug design,