School of Environmental Science, Nanjing Xiaozhuang University, Nanjing 211171, China; Geoenvironmental Research Centre, School of Engineering, Cardiff University, Cardiff CF24 3AA, UK. Electronic address: [Email]
A series of Fe-Mn catalysts was prepared using different supports (kaolin, diatomite, and alumina) and used for NO abatement via low-temperature NH3-selective catalytic reduction (SCR). The results showed that 12Fe-10Mn/Kaolin (with the concentration of Fe and Mn 12 and 10wt.%, respectively) exhibited the highest activity, and more than 95.8% NO conversion could be obtained within the wide temperature range of 120-300°C. The properties of the catalysts were characterized by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES), thermogravimetry (TG), Brunner-Emmet-Teller (BET) measurements, X-ray diffraction (XRD), H2-temperature programmed reduction (H2-TPR), NH3-temperature programmed desorption (NH3-TPD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microprobe (SEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) techniques. The support effects resulted in significant differences in the components and structures of catalysts. The 12Fe-10Mn/Kaolin catalyst exhibited better dispersion of active species, optimum low-temperature reduction behavior, the largest amount of normalized Brønsted acid sites, and the highest Mn4+/Mn and Fe3+/(Fe3++Fe2+), all of which may be major reasons for its superior catalytic activity.