Surfactant type affects the washing effect of cinnamon leaf essential oil emulsion on kale leaves.


Department of Food Science and Technology, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: [Email]


With increasing foodborne illness associated with fresh-cut produce, a chemical sanitizer to substitute chlorine is needed in the food industry. This study examined the washing effect of cinnamon leaf essential oil (CL-EO) emulsions on fresh-cut produce according to the ionic properties of surfactants. Washing effect of CL-EO emulsion (CLC) with cetylpyridinium chloride was the highest among all treatments on kale leaves. After CLC treatment, 1.83 and 1.54 log reductions against Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7 were achieved, respectively, compared to washing with distilled water, and had about 0.6 log-reductions higher than NaOCl treatment. CL-EO droplets in CLC had a positive ζ-potential (+55 mV) compared to other emulsions. These results indicate that ionic properties of surfactants are very important in the washing effect of CL-EO emulsion. Additionally, CLC treatment did not affect the quality of kale leaves during storage. Therefore, CLC can be an effective chemical sanitizer for washing kale leaves.


Cinnamon leaf oil emulsion,Kale leaves,Surfactant type,Washing effect,