Susceptibility of poultry associated bacterial pathogens to Momordica charantia fruits and evaluation of in vitro biological properties.

Affiliation

PG Food Chemistry and Food Processing, Loyola College, Nungambakkam, Chennai, 600034, India. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The emerging incidence of antibiotic resistance trait among the bacteria populating poultry presents a devastating public health issue. On the other hand, at present, diabetes and obesity are the most serious public health issues and are increasing subsequently at alarming rate. In view of this, the present in vitro context was aimed to investigate the antibacterial activities of Momordica charantia (M. charantia) fruits extracts against poultry associated Bacillus spp. and to assess further its phytoconstituents, alpha-(α)-glucosidase activities, and anti-obesity properties. The anti-pathogenic attributes of M. charantia fruit extracts were carried out using disc diffusion assay and results showed the pronounced antibacterial trait of ethanolic extract with maximum zone of inhibition of 28.3 ± 1.2 mm against Bacillus licheniformis. The qualitative phytochemical analyses of fruit extracts illustrated the presence of diverse phytoconstituents. The α-glucosidase inhibition assay for the extracts was performed according to the α-glucosidase activity kit. The results depicted the lowest α-glucosidase activity (57.13 ± 2.3 to 18.14 ± 1.3 U/L) in the presence of ethanolic extract at varied concentrations. The anti-obesity potentialities of fruit extracts were demonstrated in terms of porcine pancreatic lipase (PPL type II) activity using p-nitro-phenyl butyrate (p-NPB) as a substrate. The ethanolic extract of M. charantia fruits was observed to exhibit maximum inhibition of pancreatic lipase ranging from 20.12 ± 2.3 to 68.34 ± 1.3% in a dose dependent manner with an IC50 value of 607.6 ± 1.3 μg/mL. FTIR and GC-MS results indicated the presence of distinct compounds in the ethanol extract and major bioactive constituents were found to be Dimethyl sulfone (35.24%), 9-octadecanamide (20.52%), Pentadecanoic acid (6.64%), Lanost-9 (11)-en-18-oic acid, 23-(acetylxyl)-3-(4-bromobenzoyl) oxyl-20-hydroxyl-gamma-lactone (2.6%), and 2,2-sulfonyldiethanol (2.46%). In conclusion, M. charantia fruits could be of great concern in pharmaceutical industries due to its adequate biological properties and may also help in the management of poultry associated bacterial pathogens.

Keywords

Alpha-(α)-glucosidase,Anti-obesity,Momordica charantia,Phytochemicals,Poultry bacteria,