Synergetic effect of nucleation and crystal growth inhibitor on in vitro-in vivo performance of supersaturable lacidipine solid dispersion.


School of Pharmacy, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, China. Electronic address: [Email]


Limited supersaturation maintaining duration is the main challenge for amorphous solid dispersion design. Nucleation or crystal growth inhibitors may function in different ways but the combination use of nucleation and crystal growth inhibitors in supersaturated system is rarely explored. Thus, using Lacidipine (LCDP) as a Biopharmaceutical Classification System (BCS) II model drug, the aim of this study was to explore whether the combination use of nucleation and crystal growth inhibitors could provide a synergistic effect on the in vitro-in vivo performance of poorly water-soluble drugs. First of all, based on compatibility screening using solubility parameter (Δδ) and crystallization inhibition efficiency as criteria, soluplus (SOL) and gum arabic (GA) were selected as the most effective nucleation and crystal growth inhibitor respectively. Thereafter, the supersaturated drug solutions were spray dried and characterized. The in vitro release, physical stability as well as pharmacokinetic behavior were investigated. It was found that the combination use of SOL and GA did not present remarkable advantage in prolonging the supersaturation time in solution state. However, their synergistic effect in equilibrium solubility and dissolution enhancement was noticed at SOL/GA ratio 3:1, with 5-7 times higher dissolution rate observed for LCDP/SOL/GA based formulation compared with that of LCDP/SOL, which was maintained even after three months accelerated stability test under non-sink condition. Moreover, compared to the LCDP/SOL formulation, approximately 2.8 and 2.5-fold increase in the maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) and the area under the plasma-time curve (AUC0-∞) was achieved with LCDP/SOL/GA based formulation. Possible mechanism of the synergistic effect was elucidated, indicating GA may penetrate into SOL particles providing both electrostatic and steric stabilization. In conclusion, the combination use of screened nucleation and crystal growth inhibitors might be an efficient approach to design supersaturated drug delivery system.


Gum arabic,Lacidipine,Solid dispersion,Soluplus,Supersaturation,

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