Synergistic antibacterial effects of curcumin modified silver nanoparticles through ROS-mediated pathways.

Affiliation

State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Science, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, College of Food Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, PR China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Due to their remarkable antibacterial properties, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) and curcumin (CCM) have been widely used in the antimicrobial field. In our study, we have fabricated the uniform and stable silver/curcumin composite nanoparticles by a facile ultrasound treatment process and the synergistic antibacterial activity were evaluated. The curcumin not only played a role of reducing agent but also acted as a capping agent. The antibacterial effects of silver/curcumin (cAgNPs) were studied by measuring the growth curve and surface plate assay based on the E. coli and B. subtilis, which showed concentration dependent bacteriostatic and bactericidal effects of cAgNPs. The presence of CCM enhance the binding of Ag to bacterial membrane and Ag+ release in comparison to that without CCM, so that creating a temporary and local high Ag+ concentration near the surface of the bacterium, meanwhile, generation of more reactive oxygen species, lead to membrane damage, bacterial lipases and induce leakage of intracellular contents followed by bacterial death that lead to growth inhibition of the bacteria. The antibacterial effects were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), the effect which were further found to decrease by introducing antioxidant N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) act as a reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging agent. These initial data suggest that cAgNPs have a highly antibacterial efficient and might have potential to be developed as an effective antimicrobial nanomaterial.

Keywords

Curcumin,Nanocomposite,Reactive oxygen species,Silver nanoparticle,Synergistic antibacterial,