Synthesis, Crystal Structure, Hirshfeld Surface Analysis, DFT, and DNA-Binding Studies of (E)-2-(3-Hydroxy-4-Methoxybenzylidene)Hydrazinecarbothioamide.

Affiliation

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Allama Iqbal Open University, Islamabad, 44000, Pakistan. [Email]

Abstract

(E)-2-(3-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzylidene)hydrazinecarbothioamide 3 was synthesized by reacting thiosemicarbazide with 2-hydorxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde in dry ethanol. The structure was elucidated by spectroscopic (FT-IR, 1H NMR, and 13C NMR) and single crystal X-ray diffraction techniques. A detailed analysis of the intermolecular interactions has been performed based on the Hirshfeld surfaces and their associated two-dimensional fingerprint plots. DFT, spectroscopic, and electrochemical DNA-binding analysis confirmed that the compound is reactive to bind with DNA. Viscometric studies suggested that compound 3 has a mixed mode of interaction and intercalated into the DNA base pairs predominantly along with the possibility of electrostatic interactions. Graphical Abstract.

Keywords

Azomethine,DFT analysis,DNA-binding studies,Hirshfeld surface analysis,X-ray analysis,