Synthesis and evaluation of third generation vitamin D3 analogues as inhibitors of Hedgehog signaling.

Affiliation

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Connecticut, 69 North Eagleville Road, Unit 3092, Storrs, CT, 06269, United States. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

The Hedgehog (Hh) pathway is a developmental pathway with therapeutic potential as a target for a variety of cancers. In recent years, several vitamin D-based compounds have been identified as potent inhibitors of Hh signaling. These analogues contain aromatic phenol A-ring mimics coupled to the CD-ring side chain of vitamin D3 through modified seco-B regions. To continue structure-activity relationship studies on this class of Hh pathway inhibitors, multiple series of vitamin D-based analogues that contain an amine-based seco-B tether and/or incorporate a hydroxyl moiety on C-25 were designed and synthesized. These compounds were evaluated in multiple cell lines for their anti-Hh activity, and we identify analogues 16, 21, 22 as potent vitamin D-based Hh inhibitors (IC50 values of 110-340 nM). We also performed a series of mechanism of action studies in knockout cell lines to further explore whether these analogues inhibit the Hh pathway through a known Hh pathway component or the vitamin D receptor. While the specific cellular target that mediates these effects remains elusive, our studies suggest multiple cellular targets may mediate the anti-Hh activity of this scaffold.

Keywords

Basal cell carcinoma,Gli,Hedgehog,Medulloblastoma,Vitamin D,