Azrieli Centre for Neuro-Radiochemistry, Research Imaging Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health & Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5T-1R8, Canada; Division of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital & Department of Radiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address: [Email]
Carbon-11 labeled SL25.1188 is a promising reversible monoamine oxidase-B (MAO-B) radioligand that was recently translated for human positron emission tomography (PET) imaging. Herein, we report the development of a novel fluorinated derivative, namely, [18F](S)-3-(6-(3-fluoropropoxy)benzo[d]isoxazol-3-yl)-5-(methoxymethyl)oxazolidin-2-one ([18F]FSL25.1188; [18F]6), as a candidate 18F-labeled MAO-B radioligand, and, its subsequent preclinical evaluation in non-human primates (NHP). [18F]6 was produced and isolated (>6 GBq) with high radiochemical purity (>99%), and molar activity (>100 GBq/µmol at time of injection). Autoradiography studies conducted in post-mortem human brain sections revealed [18F]6 binding in MAO-B rich regions. PET imaging study of [18F]6 in NHP showed high brain uptake (SUV > 2.5) as well as a regional brain radioactivity distribution in accordance with MAO-B expression. [18F]6 displayed favorable in vivo kinetics, with an early peak in the time-activity curve followed by progressive wash-out from the NHP brain. Specificity of [18F]6 was investigated in a pre-treatment study with l-deprenyl (1.0 mg/kg) wherein reduced radioligand uptake was observed in all MAO-B rich regions. Results from the current preclinical investigation suggests [18F]6 is a promising MAO-B PET radioligand. Further evaluation of [18F]6 and structurally related 18F-analogs are underway to identify an optimized candidate for clinical research studies.