Synthesis of amides from (E)-3-(1-chloro-3,4-dihydronaphthalen-2-yl)acrylic acid and substituted amino acid esters as NorA efflux pump inhibitors of Staphylococcus aureus.


Bioorganic Chemistry Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine, Canal Road Jammu, 180001, India; Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), CSIR-IIIM Campus, Jammu 180001, India. Electronic address: [Email]


Inhibitors for NorA efflux pump of Staphylococcus aureus have attracted the attention of many researchers towards the discovery and development of novel efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs). In an attempt to find specific potent inhibitors of NorA efflux pump of S. aureus, a total of 15 amino acid conjugates of 3-(1-chloro-3,4-dihydronaphthalen-2-yl)acrylic acid (4-18) were synthesized using a simple convenient synthetic approach and bioevaluated against NorA efflux pump. Two compounds 7 and 8 (each having MEC of 1.56 µg/mL) were found to restore the activity of ciprofloxacin through reduction of the MIC elucidated by comparing the ethidium bromide efflux in dose dependent manner in addition to ethidium bromide efflux inhibition and accumulation study using NorA overexpressing strain SA-1199B. Most potent compounds among these were able to restore the antibacterial activity of ciprofloxacin completely against SA-1199B. Structure activity relationship (SAR) studies and docking study of potent compounds 7 and 8 could elucidate the structural requirements necessary for interaction with the NorA efflux pumps. On the whole, compounds 7 and 8 have ability to reverse the NorA efflux mediated resistance and could be further optimized for development of potent efflux pump inhibitors.


Amino acids,Antibacterial,Ciprofloxacin,Ethidium bromide,NorA efflux pump inhibitors,Staphylococcus aureus,Tetralone,