Targeting microbial resistance: Synthesis, antibacterial evaluation, DNA binding and modeling study of new chalcone-based dithiocarbamate derivatives.

Affiliation

Department of Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mansoura University, P.O.Box 35516, Mansoura, Egypt. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

New dithiocarbamate chalcone-based derivatives were synthesized, their structures were elucidated using different spectroscopic techniques. They were subjected to antimicrobial screening against selected Gram negative bacteria focusing on microbial resistance. Bacterial resistance was targeted via phosphoethanolamine transferase enzyme. Most of the synthesized compounds showed equal or higher activity to colistin standard. Compound 24 proved to be the most active candidate with MIC of 8 µg/ml against both Ps12 and K4 and MBC of 32 µg/ml against Ps12 and 16 µg/ml against K4 Molecular docking study showed that 20, 22, 24 and 25 had good binding affinity with active site residues via Thr280. DNA macromolecule was further targeted. Compounds 28 and 34 were recorded to have better DNA binding than doxurubucin with IC50 of 27.48 and 30.97 µg/ml respectively, suggesting that it could have a role in their higher antibacterial effect. Their docking into DNA has shown a clear intercalation matching with antibacterial data. Pharmacokinetics parameters of active compounds showed that they have better absorption through GIT.

Keywords

Bacterial resistance,Dithiocarbamate chalcones,Molecular docking studies,Synthesis,

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