Temporal Trends in Fecal Occult Blood Test: Associated Factors (2009-2017).

Affiliation

Departamento de Enfermería, Fisioterapia y Terapia Ocupacional, Universidad de Castilla la Mancha (UCLM), 45071 Toledo, Spain. [Email]

Abstract

A cross-sectional study with 27,821 records of non-institutionalized people in Spain aged between 50-69 years old (59.94 ± 5.8 years), who participated in the European Health Survey in Spain (2009, 2014) and National Health Survey (2011/12, 2017). Fecal occult testing, the reason for performing the test, age, sex, nationality, social status, marital status, education level, body mass index (BMI), and place of residence. Overall, 54% were women, 93.9% were Spanish, 47.8% had a secondary study, and 66.4% were married. Across the years, the rate of the fecal occult blood test (FOBT) increased significantly (p < 0.001). This increase can be accounted for a letter campaign advising testing (45%, p < 0.001). FOBT was associated with more age (odds ratio-OR 1.04, 95% confidence interval-CI 1.04-1.05, p < 0.001), Spanish nationality (OR 1.91, 95% CI 1.25-2.93, p = 0.003), being married (OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.02-1.25, p = 0.025), having a higher level of education (OR 2.46, 95% CI 2.17-2.81, p < 0.001), belonging to high social classes (OR 1.35, 95% CI 1.12-1.64, p = 0.001), and BMI <25 (OR 1.72, 95% CI 1.25-2.37). Frequency of FOBT has increased in recent years. Performing FOBT is associated with age, nationality, marital status, higher education level, and social class.

Keywords

Spain,cancer screening,colorectal cancer,public health,

OUR Recent Articles