Temporal expression profiles of leptin and its receptor genes during early development and ovarian maturation of Cynoglossus semilaevis.

Affiliation

Key Laboratory of Sustainable Development of Marine Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Qingdao, 266071, China. [Email]

Abstract

Leptin (Lep) plays a key role in the regulation of food intake and energy homeostasis in vertebrates. Our previous studies have provided evidence for the existence of two leptin genes (lepa and lepb) and one leptin receptor (lepr) gene in a flatfish, the half-smooth tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis). However, the spatial-temporal expression patterns and possible roles of the leptin system during early development and ovarian maturation are still poorly understood in teleosts. In the current study, we evaluated dynamic expression profiles of lepa, lepb, and lepr mRNAs during various developmental stages in this species. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis indicated that both ligand (lepa and lepb) and receptor (lepr) genes were detected in unfertilized eggs and during embryogenesis but with different expression profiles. In addition, lepa, lepb, and lepr transcripts levels increased significantly during larval development, reaching the peak at 10, 25, and 30 days post-hatching (dph), respectively. On the other hand, changes in mRNA expression of these three genes at the brain-pituitary-gonad (BPG) axis were also investigated during ovarian maturation, and lepa, lepb, and lepr mRNAs varied greatly. Taken together, our results encompass the first study reporting the dynamic expression patterns of leptin and its receptor mRNAs in the order Pleuronectiformes, providing evidence that the leptin system could be functional and play important roles during early development and ovarian maturation in tongue sole.

Keywords

Cynoglossus semilaevis,Early development,Leptin,Leptin receptor,Ovarian maturation,

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