Teriparatide versus bisphosphonates for treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis: A meta-analysis.

Affiliation

Department of Rheumatology, Dongguan People's Hospital, Southern Medical University, 523059, China. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

OBJECTIVE : This meta-analysis aims to compare the efficacy of teriparatide and bisphosphonates for reducing vertebral fracture risk and bone mineral density (BMD) in lumbar spine and femoral neck in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.
METHODS : We searched the literature, via PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science and Google database to screen citations from inception to April 2018 for inclusion in this study. Only randomized controlled trials that compared teriparatide and bisphosphonates for reducing vertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis were included. Stata 12.0 was used for meta-analysis.
RESULTS : Our meta-analysis results indicated that, compared with bisphosphonates, teriparatide was associated with a reduction of the vertebral fracture risk (risk ratio (RR) = 0.57, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.35, 0.93, P = 0.024). Furthermore, teriparatide therapy increased the mean percent change in BMD in lumbar spine of 6 months, 12 months and 18 months than bisphosphonates with statistically significant (P < 0.05). And, teriparatide has only beneficial in increasing the mean percent change in BMD in femoral neck of 18 months (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference between teriparatide and bisphosphonates in terms of the adverse events (AEs, RR = 1.09, 95% CI 0.89, 1.33, P = 0.424).
CONCLUSIONS : Teriparatide is an effective agent in reducing the risk of vertebral fracture in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Furthermore, teriparatide can increase the BMD in lumbar spine and femoral neck in long-terms duration.

Keywords

Bisphosphonates,Meta-analysis,Teriparatide,Vertebral fracture,

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