The 11α-hydroxylation of medroxyprogesterone acetate by Absidia griseolla var. igachii and Acremonium chrysogenum.

Affiliation

Department of Chemistry, Ilam Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ilam, Iran. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) (1) has been transformed by two filamentous fungi, including Absidia griseolla var. igachii and Acremonium chrysogenum, into 11α-hydroxy-medroxyprogesterone acetate (2) as the major metabolite. The structure of the product was identified by different spectroscopic methods (1D- and 2D-NMR, EI-MS, and elemental analysis). Moreover, a time course study determined by HPLC showed 63% and 48% yields for the metabolite by using the two mentioned fungi, respectively. Finally, the effect of the temperature and concentration of the substrate were investigated, which the optimal fermentation conditions were found to be 25 °C with a substrate concentration of 0.1% (w/v). This study reports for the first time the production of 11α-hydroxy-medroxyprogesterone acetate as a fungal biotransformation product.

Keywords

11α-Hydroxy-MPA,Absidia griseolla,Acremonium chrysogenum,Biotransformation,Hydroxylation,Medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA),