The Antioxidant Enzyme PON1: A Potential Prognostic Predictor of Acute Ischemic Stroke.


Xu Y(1), Wang K(2), Wang Q(3), Ma Y(4), Liu X(1).
Author information:
(1)Department of Neurology, Shanghai Tenth People's Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China.
(2)Department of Neurology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University, Xuzhou, Jiangsu Province, China.
(3)Department of Central Laboratory, Taian City Central Hospital, Shandong First Medical University & Shandong Academy of Medical Sciences, Taian, Shandong Province, China.
(4)Department of Neurology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto, Japan.


OBJECTIVE: Paraoxonase 1 (PON1) is an antioxidant enzyme, which has been proved to be involved in the pathophysiological process of oxidative stress and various neurological diseases in recent years. Although reduced PON1 activity has been reported in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS), the prognostic value of PON1 in AIS has not been clearly established. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the baseline serum PON1 activity level is related to the functional outcome of AIS patients. METHODS: From July 2017 to June 2020, AIS patients within 3 days of symptom onset were continuously prospectively included in the study. On admission, clinical and laboratory data were recorded, and serum PON1 activity was tested. The National Institute of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score was used to evaluate the initial neurologic deficit at admission, and the modified Rankin scale (mRS) was used to evaluate the functional outcome at 3 months. A multiple logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between the baseline PON1 activity level and the prognosis of AIS. RESULTS: A total of 336 AIS patients were finally included in this study. The serum PON1 activity of AIS patients with good outcomes was significantly higher than that of patients with poor outcomes (193.4 ± 16.3 U/mL vs. 127.2 ± 14.9 U/mL, p < 0.001). However, the comparison of other clinical and laboratory data between AIS patients with good and poor outcomes was not significant (p > 0.05). There was a significant decrease in the mRS score in patients with AIS across serum PON1 quartiles (3.0 ± 1.6, 2.6 ± 1.5, 2.4 ± 1.4, and 2.4 ± 1.3, p = 0.007). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the 3-month functional outcome of AIS patients was significantly correlated with the quartile of serum PON1 activity. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that the serum PON1 activity may be an independent predictor of the functional outcome of AIS patients.