The COMMD3/8 complex determines GRK6 specificity for chemoattractant receptors.

Affiliation

Laboratory of Immune Response Dynamics, Immunology Frontier Research Center, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan [Email]

Abstract

Lymphocyte migration is mediated by G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) that respond to chemoattractive molecules. After their activation, GPCRs are phosphorylated by different GPCR kinases (GRKs), which produces distinct functional outcomes through β-arrestins. However, the molecular machinery that targets individual GRKs to activated GPCRs remains elusive. Here, we identified a protein complex consisting of copper metabolism MURR1 domain-containing (COMMD) 3 and COMMD8 (COMMD3/8 complex) as an adaptor that selectively recruits a specific GRK to chemoattractant receptors and promotes lymphocyte chemotaxis. COMMD8, whose stability depended on COMMD3, was recruited to multiple chemoattractant receptors. Deficiency of COMMD8 or COMMD3 impaired B cell migration and humoral immune responses. Using CXC-chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) as a model, we demonstrated that the COMMD3/8 complex selectively recruited GRK6 and induced GRK6-mediated phosphorylation of the receptor and activation of β-arrestin-mediated signaling. Thus, the COMMD3/8 complex is a specificity determinant of GRK targeting to GPCRs and represents a point of regulation for immune responses.

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