The Impact of Anthropogenic Disturbance on Bacterioplankton Communities During the Construction of Donghu Tunnel (Wuhan, China).

Affiliation

Environmental Microbiomics Research Center, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Control and Remediation Technology, and the School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, 132 East Circle, University Town, Guangzhou, 510006, China. [Email]

Abstract

Bacterioplankton are both primary producers and primary consumers in aquatic ecosystems, which were commonly investigated to reflect environmental changes, evaluate primary productivity, and assess biogeochemical cycles. However, there is relatively less understanding of their responses to anthropogenic disturbances such as constructions of dams/tunnels/roads that may significantly affect the aquatic ecosystem. To fill such gap, this study focused on the bacterioplankton communities' diversity and turnover during a tunnel construction across an urban lake (Lake Donghu, Wuhan, China), and five batches of samples were collected within 2 months according to the tunnel construction progress. Results indicated that both resources and predator factors contributed significant to the variations of bacterioplankton communities, but the closed area and open areas showed different diversity patterns due to the impacts of tunnel construction. Briefly, the phytoplankton, TN, and TP in water were still significantly correlated with the bacterioplankton composition and diversity like that in normal conditions. Additionally, the organic matter, TN, and NH4-N in sediments also showed clear effects on the bacterioplankton. However, the predator effects on the bacterioplankton in the closed-off construction area mainly derived from large zooplankton (i.e., cladocerans), while small zooplankton such as protozoa and rotifers are only responsible for weak predator effects on the bacterioplankton in the open areas. Further analysis about the ecological driving forces indicated that the bacterioplankton communities' turnover during the tunnel construction was mainly governed by the homogeneous selection due to similar environments within the closed area or the open areas at two different stages. This finding suggests that bacterioplankton communities can quickly adapt to the environmental modifications resulting from tunnel construction activities. This study can also give references to enhance our understanding on bacterioplankton communities' response to ecological and environmental changes due to intensification of construction and urbanization in and around lake ecosystems.

Keywords

16S rRNA amplicon sequencing,Bacterioplankton,Ecological effects,Lake Donghu,Tunnel construction,

OUR Recent Articles