The Role of Osteotomy in Chronic Valgus Instability and Hyperextension Valgus Thrust (Medial Closing Wedge Distal Femoral Varus Osteotomy and Lateral Opening Wedge High Tibial Osteotomy).

Affiliation

Fowler Kennedy Sports Medicine Clinic, Western University, 1151 Richmond Street, London, Ontario N6A 3K7, Canada. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Chronic valgus instability with concomitant valgus malalignment is a challenging diagnosis that cannot be successfully treated with ligament surgery alone. Hyperextension valgus thrust may be a symptom of this configuration, expressing the need for thorough diagnosis and treatment. The present article will help to understand pathoanatomy and mechanisms of chronic valgus instability in combination with malalignment and provide a description of treatment techniques, in particular medial closing wedge distal femoral varus osteotomy (MCWDFVO) and lateral opening wedge high tibial osteotomy (LOWHTO), and their indications to deal with both issues simultaneously.

Keywords

DFVO,HTO,Osteotomy,Valgus instability,Valgus malalignment,Valgus thrust,