The Role of the Radiologist in Determining Disease Severity in Inflammatory Bowel Diseases.

Affiliation

Division of Gastroenterology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, MGH Crohn's and Colitis Center, 165 Cambridge Street, 9th Floor, Boston, MA 02114, USA. Electronic address: [Email]

Abstract

Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are chronic inflammatory diseases that lead to progressive bowel damage including the development of stricturing and penetrating complications. Increasingly, cross-sectional imaging with computed tomography or magnetic resonance scans have emerged as leading tools to: (1) assess disease activity; (2) monitor response to therapy or disease recurrence; and (3) identify disease-related complications. Several validated radiological scoring systems have been developed to quantify cross-sectional and longitudinal inflammatory burden in these diseases and to monitor response to treatment. Bowel ultrasound is also a simple and inexpensive tool but is operator dependent in its performance.

Keywords

Abscess,CTE,Crohn's disease,Fistula,Inflammation,MRE,Strictures,Ulcerative colitis,